are other Norwegians of high attainment. There are, however, not
yet extensive resources relating to them on the Internet. Where
available, descriptions of them by the Norway Online Information
Service, appearing on the Odin website, are quoted in boxes.
of Vilhelm Bjerknes)
of Jakob Bjerknes)
Frimann Koren Bjerknes
- ), poet, author
to Info on Robert Bly -- From the website of Montgomery
College in Conroe, Texas.
virtuoso Ole Bull (1810-1880) was probably the musician
who most clearly influenced developments in the mid 1800s.
Making his international breakthrough in 1834, "The Nordic
Paganini," as he was called, laid Europe at his feet. Bull
became a model for musicians and writers such as Grieg,
Nordraak, Bjørnson, Vinje and Ibsen.
History of Music in Norway"
writer, women's rights advocate
first modern novel in Norwegian literature, The District
Governor's Daughters (Amtmannens Døtre) was published
in 1854-55. It was well ahead of its time. Not until the1870s,
when the Danish literary critic Georg Brandes pointed out
the need for literature which would promote a debate on
social problems, was there really any room for realistic
writing that addressed the problems of the time. The District
Governor's Daughters was issued anonymously, but it was
scarcely any secret that the author was a woman. Her name
was Camilla Collett (1813-1895). She was a widow with two
sons, belonged to the ruling class of state officials, and
was the sister of Norway's most gifted and controversial
poet, Henrik Wergeland.
Collett's novel was primarily a demand for the emotional and
intellectual liberation of women. Although she did not call
for explicit reforms to promote the emancipation of women,
this work is regarded as a breakthrough for the cause of sexual
equality in Norway. Camilla Collett herself was a strong inspiration
for the women who formed the first women's rights organization
in 1884. According to the author, her book could equally well
have been called "A Nation's Daughters": it was a contribution
to a national "story of the female heart." At that time a
woman's sole lot and purpose in lifewas to marry, be supported
and devote herself to family life. But when this life's mission
was not based on the free choice of spouse -- and this was
very rarely the case -- women's adult lives were bound to
be tragic, asserted Camilla Collett. The radical element in
Camilla Collett's demand that women be allowed to choose their
own husbands was that it would result in women being treated
as independent and responsible individuals, which was hardly
the case at that time.
- ), economist
Haavelmo -- Biography from the
website of The Nobel Foundation. Haavelmo received its prize in economic
science in 1989 "for his clarification of the probability theory
foundations of econometrics and his analyses of simultaneous economic
structures." The site includes a press
release setting forth the basis for the award and the laureate's
Hassel -- Biography from the website of The Nobel Foundation
which honored Hassel in 1967 with the prize in chemistry. A page
leading in to the biography sets forth that the award was betowed
on Hassel and on Sir Derek H. R. Barton of Great Britain ""for
their contributions to the development of the concept of conformation
and its application in chemistry." The website includes
speech by Professor Arne Fredga, member of the Nobel Committee
for Chemistry of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
Kielland -- Biography from the website of Kuusankoski
Public Library in Finland.
Kittelson -- Biography with samples of his paintings
and illustrations, including a forest troll. From the website
of the University of Tromsø.
Christian Lous Lange
Inter-Parliamentary Union, Brussels
Lous Lange -- A biography of the 1921 Nobel Peace Prize
winner appears on the website of The Nobel Foundation. A cover
page notes that the prize was won jointly with Karl Hjalmar
Branting, prime minister of Sweden.
Lie -- Biography from the
Kuusankoski Public Library website.
Sophus Lie -- Biography from the website of the University
of St. Andrews in Scotland.
Trygve Halvdan Lie
Trygve Halvdan (Norway) -- Biography on homepage of the United
statesman; first secretary general of United Nations
Trygve Halvdan -- Brief entry in Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia.
(1917 - ), mathemetician
Selberg -- Biography from
the website of the University
of St. Andrews.
Medals 1950 -- A salute to
the two 1950 winners of the Fields Medal, an award established
in 1924 by the International Congress of Mathematicians. Selberg
received one of the gold medals, the other going to Laurent
Schwartz of Paris.
Sinding -- Website of the Oslo Philharmonic Orchestra discusses
Sinding's Piano Concerto in D Flat Major and provides a biography.
name of Christian Sinding (1856-1941) was once as much associated
with Norway as that of Grieg, not least due to his
famous piano work "Frühlingsrauschen." Many of Sinding's
other 130 compositions in various genres are long forgotten.
At a time of growing interest in the late Romantic period,
however, Sinding's bold, full-blooded music is experiencing
Music in the 20th Century"
Photographs of Vigeland's
- ), champion runner
& Sole: Grete Waitz -- Biography appearing
on a website announcing a Chicago-area 10K run. Waitz is to
be featured speaker. There is also a page
with a photo of Waite running and a thumbnail
With Grete -- Interview published in the Syracuse Post
Waitz Moves On -- Interview with Waitz on the website of
the Road Runners Club of America.
Wergeland -- from "Calendar of Authors" website
of Kuusankoski Public Library, Finland.
Eve -- A gripping poem by
Wergeland in opposition to intolerance of Jews, put into historical
perspective by webmaster Michael Holmboe Meyer.